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Writing and Style Guide: How to Cite


Citing Special Sources

Biblical, Classical & Medieval Sources

Refer to this document for help in referencing the text of the Bible, notes or introductions from study bibles, and a variety of ancient sources.  For papers and theses that make extensive use of these sources, the SBL Handbook of Style (on reserve at the library circulation desk) is also recommended.

Luther & Lutheran Sources

These documents present the desired form of abbreviation and footnote/bibliography examples to use when citing material in the standard editions of Luther’s works and the Lutheran confessions.

A brief bibliographical description is sufficient for the List of Abbreviations, but should include enough information to make clear the source to which the abbreviation refers. Full bibliographic entries for selected editions of Luther's works are given in the Footnote & Bibliography Examples guide.

Chicago/Turabian Style Guide

The default citation format at Luther Seminary is the Chicago notes-bibliography citation style commonly used in the humanities. Examples are shown for the most frequently used source citations and digital formats.

Students are advised to consult the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition or Turabian, A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 9th edition for a full range of citation examples. Print copies are available in the library or you may consult the online version here:  

To learn about citing sources using the bibliographic management software Zotero, click here.